Background. Gallbladder polyps have recently become more common in practice of general practitioners and gastroenterologists due to the improvement of instrumental imaging of the abdominal cavity.
Aim of study: to analyze the dynamics of development of gallbladder polyps at an outpatient appointment of a general practitioner (gastroenterologist).
Materials and methods. A prospective clinical five-year study of patients with gallbladder polyps was conducted. All patients underwent ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs (Voluson E10) once every six months during five years. Number and nature of the growth of polyps, size of the gallbladder, presence/absence of complaints, and burdened history of neoplastic diseases were evaluated in the dynamics of observation. Data obtained were subjected to standard statistical processing.
Results. The study included 33 patients (14 men, 19 women aged 24–65 years, average age 45.19±1.73 yrs). In the initial ultrasound study, the number of visualized polyps varied from 1 to 5 (on average, 2.09±0.95), the size of the neoplasms ranged from 2 mm to 10 mm (on average, 5.75±1.10 mm). Burdened heredity in oncopathology was noted in 42.86% of men and 31.58% of women. Legless polyps were more often diagnosed in men (14.29%), while in women, polyps increased in size in the dynamics of observation >10 mm and a higher frequency of surgical interventions (cholecystectomy) were more often recorded.
Conclusion. Gallbladder polyps tend to grow slowly. We outlined the questions facing the clinician in the management of patients with gallbladder polyps in terms of choosing the optimal tactic and surgical treatment due to the possible malignancy of these formations.
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